Information about the Ethiopia Country



Afar Region Region

Capital: Semera

Area: 270,000 square kilometres

Population: 1.603 million (2012)

The State of Afar consists of 5 administrative zones, 29 woredas and 28 towns. The rural area has 326 farmers associations, while the urban part has 32 kebeles. Afar is the origin of human species, where a 4.4 million years old humanoid is recently discovered.

Afar is located in the eastern part of Ethiopia. The region has common boundaries with the State of Eritrea in the north-east, withTigray in the north-west, with Amhara in the south-west, with Oromiain the south, with the State of Somalia in the south-east and with the Republic of Djibouti in the east.

The Afar Triangle, the northern part of which is the Danakil Depression, is part of the Great Rift Valley of Ethiopia, and is located in the north of the region. It has the lowest point in Ethiopia and one of the lowest in Africa. The southern part of the region consists of the valley of the Awash River, which empties into a string of lakes along the Ethiopian-Djibouti border. Other notable landmarks include the Awash and Yangudi Rassa National Parks.


Amhara Region


Capital: Bahir-Dar

Area: 170,752 square kilometres

Population: 17.22 million

The State of Amhara consists of 10 administrative zones, one special zone, 105 woredas, and 78 urban centres. Amharic is the working language of the state.

The Sate of Amhara is located in the north western and north central part of Ethiopia. The State shares common borders with the state of Tigray in the north, Afar in the east, Oromiya in the south, Benishangul/Gumuz in the south west, and the Republic of Sudan in the west.

The present name for the Amharic language and its speakers comes from the medieval province of Amhara. The latter enclave was located around Lake Tana at the headwaters of the Blue Nile, and included a slightly larger area than Ethiopia’s present-day Amhara Region.


Benishangul Gumuz


Capital: asosa

Area: 49,289.46 square kilometers

Benishangul-Gumuz, also known as Benshangul/Gumaz, Previously known as Region 6, the regions. Following the adoption of the 1995 constitution, the Region was created from the westernmost portion of the Gojjam province (the part north of the Abay River), and the northwestern portion of the Welega Province (the part south of the Abay). The name of the region comes from two local ethnic groups -Berta (also called as Benishangul) and Gumuz.

Due to its lack of transportation and communications infrastructure, this region faces major challenges to economic development. The Abay divides Benishangul-Gumuz, and there is no bridge crossing this major river in the region. To travel between the regional capital of Assosa and Gilgil Beles, the capital of the Metekel Zone, one must pass through Walega and Gojjam in the neighboring regions of Oromia and Amhara, incurring a travel distance of 1,250 kilometers, versuses 180 had a bridge existed over the Abay.


Gambela Region

AddoEPCapital: Gambela

Area: 11,499 mi²

Population: 307,096 (2007)

Gambela, also official known as Gambela Peoples’ Region, is one of the nine ethnic divisions (kililoch) of Ethiopia. Previously known as “Region 12”, its capital is Gambela. The Region is situated between the Baro and Akobo Rivers, with its western part including the Baro salient

Located in Gambela is Gambela National Park, which covers approximately 5,061 square kilometers or 17% of the Region’s territory. Gambela is believed to have major oil resources. In June 2003, the Ethiopian government signed an agreement with Petronas of Malaysia for the joint exploration and development of oil resources in Gambella region.

Harari Region


Capital: Harar

Area: 129 mi²

Population: 210,000 (2012)

Harari officially Harari People’s National Regional State is one of the nine ethnically-based regional states (kililoch) of Ethiopia, covering the homeland of the Harari people. Formerly named Region 13, its capital is Harar. It has the smallest land area of the Ethiopian regional states. Harari is one of the most popular historical towns in the Eastern part of Ethiopia. The State has no administrative zones or woredas. The total number of kebeles of the city are 19, while the rural part of the State has 17 farmers associations.

The State’s population is engaged predominantly in farming, civil service and commerce. Sorghum, maize, chat, coffee, orange, mango are among major agricultural products.

An exotic variety of goods is offered for sale, and colourful cloths and jewellery worn by the people create a wild array of colour. The Harari people excel in artisan crafts, such as weaving silver and cooper filigree, tanning, cutlery and blade production and sandal making.


Oromia Region


Capital: Addis Ababa

Area: 109,861 mi²

Population: 27.16 million (2007)

The State of Oromia sprawls over the largest part of the country and at present consists of 12 administrative zones and 180 woredas. Of the 12 zones, Bale and Borena account for 45.7% of the State’s total area but only about 14% of the state’s population. The Council of the State of Oromia is the highest body of its administration.

The State of Oromia borders Afar, Amhara and the State of Benshangul/Gumuz in the north, Kenya in the south, The State of Somali in the east, the Republic of the Sudan and the state of Benishangul/gumuz in the west, the State of Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples’ and the state of Gambella in the south.

Over 90% of the people of Oromia live in the rural area, and agriculture has remained the source of livelihood for the overwhelming majority of the people. The main agricultural crops include maize, teff, wheat, barley, peas, bean and various types of oil seeds. Coffee is the main cash crop in the region. Oromia accounts for 51.2% of the crop production, 45.1% of the area under temporary crops and 44% of the total livestock population of Ethiopia.


Somali Region


Capital: Jijiga

Area: 107,820 mi²

Population: 5.318 million (2013)

The State of Somali has a very large area size ranking second next to Oromiya. At present the state comprises 9 administrative zones and 49 woredas.

The State of Somali is located in the eastern and south eastern part of Ethiopia. The State has common boundaries with Afar and the Republic of Djibouti in the north, Kenya in the south, the State of Oromiya in the west, and Somalia in the east and in the South.

Although most of the people of the state of Somali mainly earn their livelihood from livestock, they practice crop production as well. The major crops cultivated in the region are sorghum and maize. Wheat and barley are also harvested in a smaller amount each year. Commercial activity is another occupation that is significantly exercised in the region.

It is the easternmost of the nine ethnic divisions of Ethiopia. It is often called Soomaali Galbeed (“Western Somalia”) on account of its geographical position within the Greater Somalia matrix.


Tigray Region


Capital: Mek’ele

Area: 15,988 mi²

Population: 6.317 million (2014)

Tigray is the homeland of theTigray, Irob and Kunama people. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. Its capital is Mekelle also known as the northern star.

The State of Tigray consists of 4 administrative zones, one special zone, 35 woredas and 74 towns. The State Council which is the highest administrative body of the state is made up of 152 members, the executive body consists of 16 personalities. The State of Tigray is located at the northern tip of the country. The region shares common borders with Eritrea in the north, the State of Afar in the east, the State of Amhara in the south, and the Republic of the Sudan in the west.


Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region


Capital: Awasa

Area: 40,883 mi²

Population: 14.9 million (2007)

Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region is one of the nine ethnic divisions of Ethiopia. It was formed from the merger of the former Regions 7-11 following the 1994 elections.

The CSA reported that for 2004-2005 100,338 tons of coffee were produced in the SNNPR, based on inspection records from the Ethiopian Coffee and Tea authority. This represents 44.2% of the total production in Ethiopia. Farmers in the Region had an estimated total 7,938,490 head of cattle (representing 20.5% of Ethiopia’s total cattle), 3,270,200 sheep (18.8%), 2,289,970 goats (17.6%), 298,720 horses (19.7%), 63,460 mules (43.1%), 278,440 asses (11.1%), 6,586,140 poultry of all species (21.3%), and 726,960 beehives (16.7%).

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